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16/01/2021

Surgical Face Masks: Types and Relevance Today

Surgical Face Masks: Types and Relevance Today | AusMedio Blog

Face masks are one of the best ways to decrease the transmission of diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have always been vocal towards the importance of wearing masks for yourself and the people around you as well. Mask wearing is known to reduce the splash of droplets when it properly covers the mouth and the nose.

Face masks are one of the best ways to decrease the transmission of diseases. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have always been vocal towards the importance of wearing masks for yourself and the people around you as well. Mask wearing is known to reduce the splash of droplets when it properly covers the mouth and the nose.

 

Some people get confused due to the wide availability of different types of masks in the mark. There are many kinds to choose from. Some people may also think that the type of mask they wear does not matter. That misconception must be corrected to avoid the spread of false information. Knowing the specific types of surgical face masks and their relevance is needed so those masks may be worn appropriately.

 

Some face masks offer a greater deal of protection. These are the ones commonly used in the hospital setting. Other face masks offer adequate protection for individuals who are not compromised. To provide yourself with the protection needed, learning about what the different types of surgical face masks offer is a must.

 

1.     Surgical Face Mask

Surgical face masks are also called medical masks. This is perhaps one of the most common face masks worn by the population. These masks are disposable and a looser fit compared to the other types of surgical face masks.

 

This particular type of mask offers protection because it covers the mouth and the nose from being in contact with droplets from other people. These droplets may potentially carry microorganisms and viruses. This type of face mask creates a barrier between your respiratory tract and the droplets. It is also known to filter bigger particles suspended in the air.

 

 

 

2.     N95 Face Mask

N95 face masks are described to be tight-fitting masks. The filtration capability of this particular face mask reaches up to 95%. Hence, the term ‘N95’ is being used. This type of face mask can filter both large and small particulates suspended in the air. This gives a higher notch of protection when compared to a simple surgical face mask.

 

These masks are not advised to be used by the public. It should only be used by the health care personnel in the hospital setting and as well as first responders. N95 face masks are contraindicated to children because this is a tight-fitting mask. The children will have trouble breathing if this is used.

 

3.     KN95 face masks

Similar to N95 face masks, KN95 also provides a 95% filtration rate. This particular mask can filter up to 0.3-micron particles. KN95 face masks are also less breathable when compared to N95 masks. The use of KN95 face masks is also more prominent in countries like China. In the United States, N95 face masks are more common. 

 

4.     N99 face masks

These face masks offer great protection. Its filtration rate reaches 99%. The downside of this type of face mask is that it is too tight and users would have difficulty breathing. This is not commonly used by the public and even in the healthcare setting.

 

5.     N100 face masks

These face masks filters approximately 99.7% of large and miniscule particles – both non-oil and oil particulates. Like the N99 face mask, this type of mask is not commonly used by the common people and as well as in the health care setting. This type of mask is tight-fitting and wearers may have difficulty when worn for long periods.

 

6.     Face masks with incorporated valves

These face masks are designed for easier breathing. However, as the wearer is breathing out, they are also breathing the microorganisms out. These types of face masks offer protection to the wearer but do not protect the people around the wearer. In this case, if the wearer of this type of mask is contagious, they could still potentially spread the virus.

 

Knowing your options is important so that you know the protection each mask offers. Through this way, you will know how to use each one appropriately. Hence, the spread of infection is controlled and comfort and adequate protection are met. Lastly, keep in mind that not all cases necessitate wearing masks.

 

REFERENCES:

1.     https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/whats-the-difference-between-n95-and-kn95-masks/

2.     https://www.umms.org/coronavirus/what-to-know/masks/mask-types

3.     https://www.fda.gov/medical-devices/personal-protective-equipment-infection-control/n95-respirators-surgical-masks-and-face-masks

4.     https://news.llu.edu/health-wellness/which-type-of-face-mask-most-effective-against-covid-19